Dogū figures are from the earliest-dated tradition of pottery manufacture in the world, dating to the prehistoric Jomon period (14,000–400 BC).
Dogū are constructed of clay and are typically 10 to 30 cm high. Most of the figurines appear to be modeled as female, and have big eyes, small waists, and wide hips. They are considered by many to be representative of Goddesses. Many have large abdomens associated with pregnancy, suggesting that the Jomon considered them Mother Goddesses.